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“The Coastal Life” Brunswick Beacon Newspaper Environmental Column

Tree Frogs

Turkey vulture
Winter birds
Wood stork
Bald Eagle
Great egret
Great horned owl
Fall migration
White ibis
Sooty shearwater
Pelagic migration
Harris’ sparrow
ID tips
Purple martins
Spring migration
American white pelican
Great blue heron

Marine Mammals
West Indian manatee
Blue & Sperm whales
Minke, Bryde’s, Sei &
Fin whales
Northern right &
Humpback whales
Atlantic Great whales

Land Mammals
Red fox
Black bear

Other Marine
Sea hare
Atlantic octopus
Lines seahorse
Atlantic guitarfish
Green moray eel

Moon snails
Cockles & Arks
Atlantic slippers
Fiddler crabs
Jingle shells
Banded tulips
Scotch bonnet
Lettered olive
ID tips
Shell hunting

Chicken turtle
Eastern mud snake
Reptile hunter
Reptile characteristics

Sea Turtles
Sea turtle release
Season stats
Hatching guide
Nesting season
Protection programs
Season wrap up
Hatching experience
Sea turtle hospital

Environmental capacity
Energy resources
Biological resources
Soil resources
Water resources
Air quality
Stormwater pollution
Water quality
Haz waste reduction
‘Green’ tips

Pine savanna
Salt marsh

Beach vitex
Strawberry bush
Poison ivy
Backyard habitat
Live oak

Flight instruction
Shark teeth digging
Berry picking

Carolina pygmy sunfish

Land Arthropods
Brown recluse
Butterflies & Moths

Q & A
Reid Mcallister
Winter solstice
Bearing arms
Otto Schwartz
Wildlife photography

National Interest
Land preservation
Nature Conservancy
Sierra Club
Cornell Bird Count ’06
Last Great Places
Arbor Day
Citizen Science ’05
Zero Waste
Bird Count ’04

Local Interest
Juniper creek trek
Sand castles
Tree trivia
Land sale
Beach patrol
Shore stabilization
Waterkeepers pt. 2
Bird Island
Local citizen group
Landfill opposition
Environmental groups
Volunteer opportunities


Headline: Two-toed amphiuma, Juniper Creek resident
Subject: Two-toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma means)
Length:  646 words
Published:  08/24/2006

Headline: Tree frogs found in rainforests, N.C.
Subject: Green tree frog (Hyla cinerea), Squirrel tree frog (H. squirrella); Amphibian characteristics; Frogs & toads (Order Anurans); Newts & salamanders (Order Urodeles); Thirty species of frogs & toads from five families reside in North Carolina; Habitats; Listed species; Amphibian declines
Length:    1072 words
Published: 07/22/2004


Headline:  Turkey vulture: environmental service provider
Subject: Turkey vulture (Cathartes aura)
Length: 831 words
Published:  06/01/2006

Headline: Fort Fisher trip reveals a variety of birds to be seen
Subject: Personal experience; Bird trip to Fort Fisher State Recreation Area in North Carolina; Various winter bird species
Length: 712 words
Published:  03/30/2006

Headline: Based on descriptions, can you guess what bird this is?
Subject: Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
Length:    591 words
Published: 12/01/2005

Headline: Birding expedition proves an eye-opening experience
Subject:  Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)
Length:    703 words
Published: 11/10/2005

Headline: Eagle sighting a breathtaking experience
Subject: Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
Length:    756 words
Published: 10/27/2005

Headline: Killdeer set up housekeeping at Williamson Elementary
Subject: Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)
Length:    615 words
Published: 05/12/2005

Headline: The Great egret is a local favorite
Subject: Great egret (Ardea alba)
Length:    501 words
Published: 04/07/2005

Headline:   Great horned owl remains elusive night caller
Subject: Great horned owl (Bubo virginianus)
Length:    679 words
Published:  03/10/2005

Headline:   Bird banding discussion sparks curiosity
Subject:  Who, what, when, where, & why of banding birds and how to report a banded bird
Length:     859 words
Published: 11/04/2004

Headline: Fall bird migration one of Brunswick’s best kept secrets
Subject:   Atlantic flyway bird migration
Length:     864 words
Published: 09/30/2004

Headline:   Hummingbirds: From nest to hatchlings
Subject: Ruby-throated hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris) & Rufous hummingbirds (Selasphorus rufus); Account in pictures
Length:     477 words
Published: 09/02/2004

Headline: Encounter with a Willet
Subject: Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus)
Length:     528 words
Published: 08/25/2004

Headline:   Patience rewarded with up-close visit from white ibises
Subject: White ibis (Eudocimus albus)
Length:     593 words
Published: 08/05/2004

Headline: Anhinga are unique, fascinating to watch
Subject:  Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga) description; Other listed bird species
Length:     896 words
Published: 07/08/2004

Headline:   Now is peak time to observe wandering sooty shearwater
Subject: Sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus), pelagic species
Length:     691 words
Published: 06/17/2004

Headline:   When birding in the Green Swamp, listening is key
Subject: Beginning birder experience among seasoned enthusiasts
Length:     752 words
Published: 06/03/2004

Headline: Kites are flying high over the Cape Fear River
Subject: Mississippi kites (Ictinia mississippiensis) & Swallow-tailed kites (Elanoides forticatus)
Length:     741 words
Published: 05/27/2004

Headline: Opportunities await in open ocean birding
Subject: Pelagic migration; Gulf Stream; Cape Hatteras; Eco-tourism
Length:     559 words
Published: 05/20/2004

Headline: Harris’ sparrow: The accidental tourist
Subject: Harris’ sparrow (Zonotrichia querula)
Length:     495 words
Published: 05/13/2004

Headline: Bird identification: Tips and tricks for new birders
Subject: Using size, shape, posture, behavior, habitat, weather, color & markings to id birds
Length:     1565 words
Published: 04/29/2004

Headline:  Purple martin innkeepers are a dedicated flock
Subject:  Purple martin (Progne subis), non-game protected migratory species (neo-tropical)
Length:     990 words
Published: 04/08/2004

Headline: Awesome act of spring bird migration now underway
Subject: Atlantic flyway; What birds, why & how migrate
Length:     1164 words
Published: 04/02/2004

Headline: In search of the elusive American White Pelican
Subject: American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)
Length:     396 words
Published: 02/26/2004

Headline:  The beauty of the endearing great blue heron
Subject: Great blue heron (Ardea herodias)
Length:     534 words
Published: 02/19/2004

Marine Mammals

Headline:   Migrant causes excitement and curiosity
Subject: West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)
Length:   1260 words
Published:  05/25/2006

Headline:   Searching for Moby Dick? Try looking in North Carolina waters
Subject:  Part 4 of 4 part series discussing Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) & Sperm whale (Physeter catodon)
Length:    1484 words
Published: 02/09/2006

Headline: Similar characteristics make whales difficult to decipher
Subject:  Part 3 of 4 part series comparing the Minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), Bryde’s whale (B. edeni), Sei whale ((B. borealis), and Fin whale (B. physalus)
Length:    2113 words
Published: 02/02/2006

Headline: Endangered, whales are now hunted for another reason: whale watching
Subject: Part 2 of 4 part series describing the Northern Right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) & Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
Length:    1909 words
Published: 01/26/2006

Headline:   Winter migration offers whale sightings
Subject: Part 1 of 4 part series discussing Atlantic coast great whale classification and characteristics
Length:  1486 words
Published: 01/19/2006

Land Mammals

Headline:  Life’s a little noisier, thanks to new ‘neighbor’
Subject: Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Length:      690 words
Published: 08/18/2005

Headline: The bear’s life can teach us many lessons
Subject: Black bear (Ursus americanus) seasonal behavior, description, and life span; Comparing North American bear species
Length:      1918 words
Published: 03/24/2005

Headline: Green Swamp offers continuing sanctuary for black bears
Subject: Black bear sanctuary; Population; Information for living in black bear country
Length:     1395 words
Published: 02/24/2005

Other Marine

Headline:   New discoveries are always possible
Subject:  Sea hare (Aplysia sp.)
Length:    1033 words
Published:  07/27/2006

Headline:   Octopus intelligent, unique sea creature
Subject: Common Atlantic Octopus (Octopus vulgaris)
Length:    816 words
Published:  06/29/2006

Headline: Seahorse – Most Enchanting Fish in the Sea
Subject:  Lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)
Length:   549 words
Published:  05/11/2006

Headline: Spending a day getting to know the Atlantic guitarfish
Subject: Atlantic guitarfish (Rhinobatos lentiginosus)
Length:    653 words
Published:  04/13/2006

Headline: Green moray eel a distinctive, solitary creature
Subject: Green moray eel (Gymnothorax funebris)
Length:    702 words
Published:  04/06/2006

Headline:   Pesky little barnacles have positive sides, too
Subject: Acorn (Balanus) and Goose (Lapas) barnacle description and classification – Arthropod phylum, Crustacean class, Order Cirripedia; Pros & Cons; Cut treatment
Length:      616 words
Published: 05/19/2005


Headline:  A different type of beach nourishment
Subject: Moon snail shell (Neverita duplicata); Gastropod, mollusk; Parenthood
Length: 842 words
Published: 03/17/2005

Headline:  Autumn comes alive: fall colors and seashells
Subject: Cockle & ark shells; Bivalves, mollusks
Length:    733 words
Published: 10/07/2004

Headline:   Do you see a boat or a slipper?
Subject: Atlantic slipper snails (Crepidula fornicata); Gastropod, mollusk; Experience
Length:    579 words
Published: 08/12/2004

Headline: Language of the low country is worth pondering
Subject: Auger shells; Whimsical common names for sea shells
Length:    441 words
Published: 07/29/2004

Headline:   Magical nights: Mix fiddler crabs, starlight and children
Subject: Tidal flats; Sand fiddlers (Uca pugilator); Crustaceans; Parenthood
Length:    674 words
Published: 07/01/2004

Headline:   Jingle shells: ‘Oh, what fun it is to laugh and play’
Subject: Jingle shells (Anomia simplex); Bivalves, mollusks
Length:    383 words
Published: 06/24/2004

Headline: The joys of tiptoeing through the (banded) tulips
Subject: Banded tulip shell (Fasciolaria lilium hunteria); Gastropod, mollusk
Length:    494 words
Published: 05/06/2004

Headline:  Scotch bonnet: Our official seashell honors early settlers
Subject: Scotch bonnet (Phalium granulatum); Gastropod, mollusk
Length:    405 words
Published: 04/15/2004

Headline:  The lettered olive shell: A first find, a special treasure
Subject: Lettered olive shell (Oliva sayana); Gastropod, mollusk
Length:    554 words
Published: 03/25/2004

Headline:  Seashell collecting: ‘kicking it up a notch’
Subject: Interview; Tips for identification
Length:    1199 words
Published: 03/18/2004

Headline:  Seashell seekers enjoy the thrill of the hunt
Subject: Best time to search for shells; Interviews
Length:    585 words
Published: 03/11/2004

Headline: Discovering the animal inside the shell
Subject: Mollusk classifications and characteristics
Length:    1437 words
Published: 03/04/2004


Headline:   Chicken turtle: Not your usual turtle sighting
Subject: Chicken turtle (Deirochelys reticularia)
Length: 900 words
Published:  06/08/2006

Headline: Mud snake encounter in the Green Swamp not too scary
Subject: Eastern mud snake (Farancia abacura)
Length:  852 words
Published:  08/17/2006

Headline:   The reptile hunter
Subhead:  Researcher documents Green Swamp’s creepy crawlers
Subject: Snake species; Study design; Forestry management; Environmental stewardship; Interview
Length:    2072 words
Published: 07/28/05

Headline:   All God’s creatures have a place in the choir
Subject: Sea turtle protection program; Reptile characteristics and value; Disproportionate protection measures
Length:     1001 words
Published: 07/15/2004

Sea Turtles

Headline:  Sea Turtle’s Rehabilitated and Returned Home
Subject: The Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center released 12 fully recovered sea turtles
Length: 1173 words
Published:  06/15/2006

Headline: A fulfilling season of helping protect our sea turtles
Subject: Personal experience; 2005 season wrap-up
Length:      1309 words
Published: 10/20/2005

Headline:  Know the rules when watching turtles hatch
Subject: Loggerhead hatching events
Length:  546 words
Published: 08/04/2005

Headline:  Turtle season going fine despite increased false crawls
Subject: Loggerhead beach nesting
Length:      916 words
Published: 06/23/2005

Headline:  Local programs begin gearing up for turtle season
Subject: Sea Turtle Protection Program local info
Length:      564 words
Published: 05/05/2005

Headline:   Close of turtle nesting season greeted with enthusiasm, results
Subject: Brunswick County, NC beaches Loggerhead sea turtle nests and hatchlings results; Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center at Topsail Beach, NC
Length:     639 words
Published: 11/11/2004

Headline:  Turtle nest adoption well worth losing sleep over
Subject: Loggerhead hatching event; Personal experience
Length:    1814 words
Published: 08/19/2004

Headline:   Up close and personal with sea turtles
Subject: Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center; Sea turtle release at Topsail Beach, NC
Length:    1296 words
Published: 06/10/2004


Headline: ‘Where do the animals go?’
Subhead:  Environmental carrying capacity; habitat alteration
Length:  1026 words
Published: 07/20/2006

Headline: Everyday American lifestyle takes fossil fuels for granted
Subhead:  We can make a difference, Improving energy resources
Subject:  Part 5 of 5 in series
Length:  1212 words
Published: 09/29/2005

Headline: Mother Nature nurtures the five senses
Subhead:  We can make a difference, Improving biological resources
Subject:  Part 4 of 5 in series
Length:     1347 words
Published:  09/22/2005

Headline: The forgotten essential for good living: clean soil
Subhead:  We can make a difference, Improving soil quality
Subject:  Part 3 of 5 in series
Length:     708 words
Published: 09/15/2005

Headline: Water pollution: a real threat to humanity
Subhead:  We can make a difference, Improving water quality
Subject:  Part 2 of 5 in series
Length:      986 words
Published: 09/08/2005

Headline: We can make a difference
Subhead:  Improving air quality
Subject:  Part 1 of 5 in series
Length:  733 words
Published: 09/01/2005

Headline: Spring is the perfect time to establish a rain garden
Subject:  How-to (Stormwater pollution prevention measure)
Length:  1672 words
Published: 03/31/2005

Headline:  Options exist to reduce groundwater pollution
Subject:  Water quality
Length:  1851 words
Published: 01/20/2005

Headline: Do your part to stop water pollution
Subject:  Water quality; Stormwater pollution prevention
Length:  1597 words
Published: 01/13/2005

Headline: Now is the time to consider alternative waste choices
Subject:   Minimizing household hazardous waste
Length:   1415 words
Published: 09/16/2004

Headline:   Living ‘green’ helps save money and environment
Subject:   Ways to reduce waste, consumption, runoff, air pollution; Reuse & recycle
Length:    1171 words
Published: 09/09/2004


Headline:   Protecting our ‘Special Places’
Subject: Pine savanna; Carnivorous plant species; Isolated wetland; International Paper’s Special Places in the Forest program; Biological hotspot; Various listed species at home in the habitat
Length:      1832 words
Published: 07/14/05

Headline: All about salt marshes and tidal wetlands
Subject: The importance and benefits of salt marsh & tidal wetland habitat
Length:    989 words
Published: 12/02/2004


Headline:  Southern fig harvest: Consider yourself lucky
Subject: Common figs (Ficus carica)
Length:  961 words
Published: 7/13/06

Headline:  Beach vitex: Costly mistake needs rapid response
Subject: Invasive, exotic plant species (Vitex rotundifolia)
Length:  1186 words
Published: 11/24/05

Headline: Strawberry bush a pleasant find on fall excursion
Subject: Native plant (Euonymus americana)
Length:     563 words
Published: 10/13/2005

Headline:  Poison ivy: one of nature’s true environmental offenders
Subject: Invasive, native plant (Rhus radicans); Control; Remedies for allergic reaction
Length:      821 words
Published: 06/09/2005

Headline:  Native plants define the character of the area
Subject: Listed plant species; Why use natives; Effects of exotic species
Length:    1014 words
Published: 10/28/2004

Headline:  A great way to use your backyard
Subject: Backyard Wildlife Habitat program by the National Wildlife Federation
Length:    949 words
Published: 10/21/2004

Headline: Live oak is the quintessential southern tree
Subject: Live oak (Quercus virginiana); Environmental & economic benefits of trees
Length:  535 words
Published: 04/22/2004


Headline: Taking flight: A bird’s eye view and a new perspective
Subject:    (Airplane) flight instruction experience
Length:     1731 words
Published: 12/15/2005

Headline:  Archeology, paleontology, or just plain fun?
Subject:    Digging for shark teeth
Length:     734 words
Published: 08/11/2005

Headline: A Day in the Life of a Shrimp Boat Captain
Subhead: Day trip offers fascinating glimpse of life aboard a trawler
Subject:    Personal experience
Length:      1336 words
Published: 07/07/2005

Headline: Walk with Jo reveals secrets of Sunset Beach
Subject:    Beachcombing; Interview; Personal experience
Length:      665 words
Published: 06/16/2005

Headline:  Strawberries on waffles proves a sure-fire motivator
Subject:  Berry picking season
Length:      557 words
Published: 06/30/2005


Headline:   Carolina pygmy sunfish is small but important
Subject: Carolina pygmy sunfish (Elassoma boehlkei)
Length:     469 words
Published:  08/24/2006

Land Arthropods

Headline:   With spring comes the brown recluse spider
Subject: Brown recluse (Loxosceles reclusa) description; Arachnid; Habitat & range; Bite prevention
Length:  667 words
Published: 03/03/2005

Headline:   Butterflies and moths and insects – oh my!
Subject: Distinguishing butterflies & moths; Life cycle; Butterfly gardening; Cloudless sulphur butterfly (Phoebis sennae)
Length:    1467 words
Published: 10/14/2004


Headline: Test your environmental IQ
Subject: Multiple choice Q&A with humorous scores
Length: 1730 words
Published: 01/12/2006

Headline: Remembering the ‘good old days’
Subject: Reid Mcallister remembers his rural North Carolina upbringing (biographical essay)
Length:    2161 words
Published: 01/05/2006

Headline: Winter solstice replete with symbolisms of faith
Subject: Discusses the natural world & faith
Length:     767 words
Published: 12/22/2005

Headline: Long live the right to keep and bear arms
Subject: Personal experience; Heritage
Length:      852 words
Published: 12/08/2005

Headline:   Plenty of reasons to give thanks this holiday season
Subject: Thanksgiving; Personal and political oppression around the world
Length:    1262 words
Published: 11/17/2005

Headline: Sweet smell of honeysuckle rekindles childhood memories
Subject: Childhood summers
Length:      599 words
Published: 06/02/2005

Headline:  Calabash man a shining example of democracy
Subject:  I was captivated by Otto Schwartz the instant I met him.  His simple manner, which made him easy to approach, his thick accent that required my full attention, and his instant candor and honesty required that I share the remembrances of this most interesting person.  Otto’s life experience offers a glimpse into topics still relevant today – war and its aftermath, immigration, and life’s struggles and successes.  [The life of Otto Schwartz from WWII Czechoslovakia through today. (biographical essay)]
Length:    2292 words
Published: 12/30/2004

Headline: Photographing wildlife difficult, yet popular
Subject: Interview; Wildlife photography; Camera selection
Length:    1098 words
Published: 11/25/2004

National Interest with Local Connection

Headline:  One giant leap forward
Subject:  The Nature Conservancy’s purchase of International Paper land known as the Southern Forests Conservation Project
Length:   918 words
Published: 08/03/2006

Headline:  Audubon Society helping protect our natural heritage
Subject: The National Audubon Society action list, Important Bird Areas, web site, & local activities
Length:    1364 words
Published: 03/09/2006

Headline: Conservancy saving the last great places on Earth
Subject: The Nature Conservancy initiatives, values, web site, & local activities
Length:    961 words
Published: 03/02/2006

Headline:  Sierra Club a great way to get environmentally fit
Subject:  Sierra Club strategic initiatives, priority campaigns, web site & local activities
Length:    1118 words
Published: 02/23/2006

Headline: Great Backyard Bird Count begins Feb. 17
Subject: Citizen science; Great Backyard Bird Count; Audubon; Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Length:  987 words
Published: 02/16/2006

Headline:   Conservancy helps preserve Brunswick’s ‘Last Great Place’
Subject:  The Nature Conservancy’s ‘Last Great Places’ campaign – Green Swamp Preserve; Pocosin & pine savanna habitats; Pine species; Prescribed fires
Length:    1294 words
Published: 05/26/2005

Headline: Arbor Day offers chance to appreciate our valuable trees
Subject: Proper tree care; Arbor Day Foundation
Length:  575 words
Published: 04/28/2005

Headline: Some facts about recycling, in honor of Earth Day
Subject: Recycling
Length:    966 words
Published: 04/21/2005

Headline: The 2005 Great Backyard Bird Count
Subject: National Citizen Science project; Audubon
Length:    539 words
Published: 02/10/2005

Headline:   Zero waste: An opportunity and call to action
Subject: New Zealand’s pilot program to minimize waste – maximize recycling, reduce consumption, and ensure products are made to be repaired, reused, recycled, or composted
Length:     1769 words
Published: 12/16/2004

Headline:  Counting birds as easy as 1, 2, 3
Subject: Citizen science; Great Backyard Bird Count; Audubon; Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Length:     657 words
Published: 02/12/2004

Brunswick County, North Carolina Local Interest 

Headline:  Taking a foray into the Juniper Creek tract
Subject:  Exploring the Juniper Creek tract that is being purchased by The Nature Conservancy from International Paper with Mark Danaher, Herpetologist and Manager of Sustainable Forestry & Wildlife Habitat for IP and Dan Bell (Director) & Angie Carl (Fire Specialist & Land Steward) for the Southeastern Coastal Plain Office of TNC.
Length:   1047 words
Published: 08/10/2006

Headline: How to build the ultimate sand castle
Subject: Interview; How-to
Length:   600 words
Published: 06/22/2006

Headline:  A Brunswick County Arbor Day trivia quiz
Subject: Benefits of trees; Arbor Day 2006
Length:    606 words
Published: 04/27/2006

Headline:   IP’s sale places future of Green Swamp in jeopardy
Subject: Development
Length:    1126 words
Published: 08/25/2005

Headline: Courtesy Patrol welcomes visitors to Holden Beach
Subject: Clean, family beach
Length:    882 words
Published: 07/21/2005

Headline:  ‘New Jerseyization’ of Brunswick beaches a bad idea
Subject:    Erosion and sediment transport explanation – longshore currents & beach drift; Shoreline stabilization measures described
Length:      940 words
Published:  04/14/2005

Headline: Waterkeepers sound off on coastal issues
Subject: Interviews; Hot environmental issues
Length:    792 words
Published: 02/03/2005

Headline: An indepth look at the area’s ‘waterkeepers’
Subject: Cape Fear River Watch, Inc. (Cape Fear Riverkeeper); North Carolina Coastal Federation & Coastkeepers (Cape Fear Coastkeeper); Winyah Rivers Foundation, Inc. (Waccamaw Riverkeeper)
Length: 1833 words
Published: 01/27/2005

Headline:  A visit to Bird Island provides a quiet escape
Subject:  Island preservation; Disappointing   experience; Pen shell
Length:      511 words
Published: 10/06/2005

Headline: Coastal Water Watch proving there is power in numbers
Subject: Southport, NC group
Length:    1269 words
Published: 01/06/2004

Headline: Brunswick Citizens offer petition against proposed landfill
Subject:  Group – ‘Brunswick Citizens for a Safe Environment, [opposed to Hugo Neu siting in Brunswick County, NC]
Length:     1443 words
Published: 12/23/2004

Headline: FOGS & SWAT are busy fighting the good fight
Subject:  Groups – Friends of the Green Swamp and Swamp Watch Action Team, [against proposed municipal waste landfill in Green Swamp area]
Length:     1429 words
Published: 12/09/2004

Headline: Environmental stewardship opportunities abound in Brunswick
Subject: National, state & local environmental groups, clubs, & activities
Length:     1775 words
Published: 09/23/2004